China Bitter Melon P.E.
ˎ̥Latin name: Momordica Charantia Linn.
Chinese name:Ku Gua
Part used: Fruit
Active ingredient: Charantin
Molecular Formula: C42H62O16
Molecular Weight: 822.92
Appearance: Fine yellowish brown powdered solid
Odour & Taste:Characteristic,bitter
Solubility:Soluble in ethanol & water solution
Test method: UV
The plant Momordica charantia belongs to the family cucuritaceae
and is commonly known as bitter melon. Bitter melon grows in
tropical and subtropic areas, including parts of East Africa, Asia,
the Caribbean, and South America, where it is used as a food as
well as a medicine. It produces beautiful flowers and prickly fruit
.The fruit of this plant lives up to its name—it tastes bitter.
Although the seeds, leaves, and vines of bitter melon have all been
used, the fruit is the safest and most prevalent part of the plant
used medicinally. The juice of the leaves and fruit or seeds is
used as an anthelmintic. In Brazil, the dose for anthelmintic use
is two or three seeds. The immature fruit of M.charantia tastes
bitter due to the cucurbitacius. Cucurbitacius is comprised of a
group of triterpenes including momordicosides, A-E, K, L, and
momardicius I, II and III. The roots and fruit are used as an
• It has been used to combat cancer, asthma, various skin
infections, diabetes, GI disorders, and the common cold.
• It is also used to fight diabetes, and as an anti-viral to HIV.
• Bitter Melon Extract helps increase production of beta cells by
the pancreas, repair beta cells, and stimulate restoring function